Land rights for ICPs
Here we explain what land rights are needed when an ICP installs electricity equipment which we will adopt, and responsibilities for securing them. We advise that you also seek legal advice when planning an installation, as well as reading and understanding the information provided below.
Criteria for land rights
Land rights are required where an ICP designs and installs equipment which we will later adopt. These land rights provide us with legal security for the installed equipment. This means that we can retain the adopted assets on privately owned land and access that land for the future maintenance and repair of the equipment.
Land rights are needed when:
- an ICP installs equipment on land owned by a developer (onsite consents), and
- an ICP installs equipment on land outside of a developer's site (offsite consents)
- there are special requirements for planning, environmental or archaeological considerations which might be impacted by the installation (additional consents)
- an Inedependent Distribution Network Operator (IDNO) installs equipment which interfaces with our network (the IDNO must secure our rights to access the equipment on the network boundary along with their own rights to access).
We will not adopt equipment installed by an ICP or IDNO until the land rights have been legally secured.
Land rights are not needed when:
- an ICP installs equipment in a public highway or in land laid out to form part of a public highway.
Criteria for onsite consents
When an ICP installs equipment on land owned by a developer, we will acquire the land rights directly from the site owner.
We recommend that the ICP does not start installation work until the required rights are legally in place.
The land rights we acquire will relate to adopted assets only, will be personal to us, and will not contain rights for the ICP.
The land rights will normally take the form of a deed of easement for cables. However, we will need the site owner to transfer a small parcel of land to us by way of a freehold or long leasehold transfer for substation sites. The transfer will usually include a right of access and cable easement and will be transferred to us for nil consideration.
Land rights for onsite works are completed as a deed by solicitors acting on our behalf and on the behalf of the site owner.
We will not adopt equipment installed by an ICP until the land rights have been legally acquired from the site owner. Agreement to our heads of terms alone are not sufficient.
Our top tips for securing land consents are:
- check with us that we have the required rights before you start installation work
- send us all contact and title details for the site owner when you apply for a new Point of Connection – so we can start as soon as possible
- make sure you have made provisions for your own access and rights requirements, as our land rights are personal to us alone
- remember – heads of terms are not legally sufficient to provide rights of access
- do not start installation works until land rights are in place, to avoid delays in final adoption and energisation.
Criteria for off site consents
ICP guidance notes
For more information take a look at our guidance notes.
Land rights process flow
To better understand our responsibilities and yours, and what happens when, take a look at our process flow chart for ICPs
ICP case study
Read through our example case study of a project we worked on with an ICP.